PROMOTING
THE NELSON
MANDELA
RULES

Essex paper 3
Initial guidance on the interpretation and implementation
of the UN Nelson Mandela Rules

Based on deliberations at an expert meeting organised by
Penal Reform International and Essex Human Rights Centre
at the University of Essex, 7– 8 April 2016.
Dedicated to the memory of Sir Nigel Rodley, 1941–2017.

Select target paragraph3