United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
18 May 2017
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4)
of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication
No. 2512/2014*, **
Communication submitted by:

Raziyeh Rezaifar (represented by the Danish
Refugee Council)

Alleged victims:

The author and two of her children, M.M. and

State party:


Date of communication:

14 December 2014 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rules 92 and 97 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 19 December 2014 (not issued
in document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

10 March 2017

Subject matter:

Deportation to Italy

Procedural issues:

Substantiation of claims

Substantive issues:

Torture; cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
or punishment

Articles of the Covenant:


Articles of the Optional Protocol:


The author of the communication is Raziyeh Rezaifar, an Iranian national born in
1972, of Persian ethnicity, who converted to Christianity, and two of her children: her
daughter, M.M., born on 16 September 1996, and her son, D.M., born on 12 November
2011 (the children were respectively 18 and 3 years old at the time of the submission of her
The author’s asylum application was rejected and she was facing imminent
deportation to Italy at the time of the submission of her communication to the Committee.
* Adopted by the Committee at its 119th session (6-29 March 2017).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the present
communication: Tania María Abdo Rocholl, Yadh Ben Achour, Ilze Brands Kehris, Ahmed Amin
Fathalla, Olivier de Frouville, Christof Heyns, Yuji Iwasawa, Bamariam Koita, Marcia V. J. Kran,
Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, José Manuel Santos Pais, Anja Seibert-Fohr, Yuval
Shany and Margo Waterval. In accordance with article 90 of the Committee’s rules of procedure,
Mauro Politi did not participate in the consideration of the communication.



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