United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
2 May 2018
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4)
of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication
No. 2753/2016*, **
Communication submitted by:

C.L. and Z.L. (represented by counsel, Daniel

Alleged victims:

The author and his minor son

State party:


Date of communication:

15 March 2016 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rules 92 and 97 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 17 August 2015 (not issued in
document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

26 March 2018

Subject matter:

Deportation from Denmark to China

Procedural issues:

Inadmissibility — manifestly ill-founded;
inadmissibility ratione materiae and ratione loci;
level of substantiation of claims

Substantive issues:

Right to life, risk of torture or ill-treatment upon
forced removal to country of origin, and right to
freedom of religion

Articles of the Covenant:

6, 7 and 18

Articles of the Optional Protocol:

2, 3 and 5 (2) (a) and (b)

The author of the communication is C.L.,1 born on 1 March 1970. He submits the
communication on his behalf and on behalf of his minor son, Z.L., born on 30 July 2004.
Both are citizens of China. The author and his son are subject to forcible removal to China
following the rejection of their application for asylum by the Danish Refugee Appeals
Board on 4 September 2013 and on 24 September 2015, when it refused to reopen the
author’s asylum case.2 The author claims that their forcible removal to China would amount
* Adopted by the Committee at its 122nd session (12 March–6 April 2018).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the present


communication: Yadh Ben Achour, Ilze Brands Kehris, Sarah Cleveland, Ahmed Amin Fathalla,
Olivier de Frouville, Ivana Jelić, Bamariam Koita, Photini Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, José Manuel
Santos Pais, Yuval Shany and Margo Waterval.
The author requests the Committee not to disclose his identity or that of his minor child.
The date of the author’s removal had not been indicated at the time of the submission of his initial



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