About the author
Omar Phoenix Khan is an international criminal justice reform consultant, a visiting criminology lecturer
at the University of Westminster in London, UK, and a PhD candidate. He has worked as head of equality &
diversity in prisons in London, and for international non-governmental organizations, such as Penal Reform
International, leading projects on alternatives to prison across Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Omar has
facilitated training on United Nations standards such as the Nelson Mandela Rules and the Bangkok Rules.
As a consultant, he has delivered evaluations of projects for UNICEF, the Thailand Institute for Justice and
the UK Department for International Development.
Graziella Pavone, OSCE/ODIHR
DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR and UN Women would like to express their gratitude to the many individuals who
contributed to this project. These include the participants in the review workshop which took place in
December 2018 in Geneva, and the individuals who reviewed and provided input into drafts of this Tool:
Sharon Critoph and Nuridin Nurakov; Brad Orchard and Lara Kristina Wilkinson (UN Women); and Megan
Bastick, Anna-Lena Schluchter, Lorraine Serrano and Callum Watson (DCAF). Particular thanks go to Marta
Ghittoni of DCAF for her co-ordination of the production of the Toolkit.
The author would additionally like to thank the many experts from all over the world who kindly gave
their time to be interviewed during his research for this Tool and provided links to important and valuable
DCAF acknowledges the support of Switzerland, Sweden and UK DfID in the production of this Toolkit.
Published in Switzerland by the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF).
DCAF Geneva
PO Box 1360
CH-1211 Geneva 1
Design: Alice Lake Hammond (alicelh.co)
Cover photo: The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights visits a women’s prison in Támara, Honduras,
2018 © Francisco Proner/ Farpa.

© DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR, UN Women, 2019
Use, translation and dissemination of this publication are encouraged. We do, however, ask that you
acknowledge and cite materials and do not alter the content.

Cite as: DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR, UN Women (2019) “Places of Deprivation of Liberty and Gender”, in Gender and
Security Toolkit, Geneva: DCAF, OSCE/ODIHR, UN Women.
ISBN 92-9222-477-8
This Toolkit was published with the support of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
(OSCE/ODIHR). Its content does not necessarily reflect the policy and position of OSCE/ODIHR.

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