United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
8 December 2021
Original: English

Advance unedited version

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4)
of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No.

Communication submitted by:

M. N (represented by Counsel Niels-Erik

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:


Date of communication:

22 May 2018 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 92 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party, on 2 December 2015 (not issued
in document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

22 July 2021

Subject matter:

Deportation from Denmark to Iran

Procedural issues:

admissibility, issues raised under article 18

Substantive issue:

Risk to life, risk of torture, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment; non-refoulement

Article of the Covenant:

6 and 7

Article of the Optional Protocol:

5 (2) (b)

The author of the communication is M.N, an Iranian national of Persian ethnicity born
on 23 February 1997 into a Shia Muslim family. He alleges that his rights under articles 6
and 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (hereinafter “the
Covenant”), read in conjunction with article 18, would be violated by the State party if he
were to be deported to Iran.
The case was registered on 24 May 2018 and, pursuant to rule 94 of its rules of
procedure, the Committee, acting through its Special Rapporteur on new communications

* Adopted by the Committee at its 132nd session (28 June—23 July 2021).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Yadh Ben Achour, Tania María Abdo Rocholl, Arif Bulkan, Wafaa Ashraf Moharram Bassim,
Mahjoub El Haiba, Shuichi Furuya, Kobauyah Tchamdja Kpatcha, Carlos Gómez Martínez, Duncan
Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Hernán Quezada Cabrera, Vasilka Sancin, José Manuel Santos
Pais, Changrok Soh, Hélène Tigroudja, Imeru Tamerat Yigezu, and Gentian Zyberi

Select target paragraph3