United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
21 December 2021
Original: English

Advance unedited version

Human Rights Committee

Decision adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the
Optional Protocol, concerning communication No.

Communication submitted by:

M.N. (represented by counsel, Niels-Erik

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:


Date of communication:

31 July 2014 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 97 (2) of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 9 September 2015 (not issued
in document form)

Date of adoption of Decision:

5 November 2021

Subject matter:

Deportation to the country of origin (nonrefoulement)

Procedural issues:

Inadmissibility – level of substantiation;
inadmissibility ratione materiae

Substantive issues:

Risk to life and of torture and other cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment; right to a fair
trial; freedom of religion; non-discrimination

Articles of the Covenant:

2, 6, 7, 13, 14, 18 and 26

Articles of the Optional Protocol:

2 and 3

* Adopted by the Committee at its 133rd session (11 October – 5 November 2021).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the present
communication: Yadh Ben Achour, Arif Bulkan, Wafaa Ashraf Moharram Bassim, Mahjoub El
Haiba, Shuichi Furuya, Marcia V.J. Kran ,Kobauyah Tchamdja Kpatcha, Carlos Gómez Martínez,
Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Vasilka Sancin, José Manuel Santos Pais, Changrok Soh,
Hélène Tigroudja, Imeru Tamerat Yigezu, and Gentian Zyberi.

Select target paragraph3