4.14 Turkey
4.15 Turkmenistan
4.16 Ukraine
4.17 United States of America
4.18 Uzbekistan
Notes
Annex 1: OSCE Commitments Relating to Capital Punishment
Annex 2

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
There has never been a formal consensus within the OSCE concerning the abolition
of capital punishment, and countries that apply the death penalty with stringent
procedural safeguards and due process of law do not violate OSCE commitments.
Relevant OSCE documents, in particular the 1990 Copenhagen Document, solely
oblige participating States to keep the question of capital punishment under
consideration, to co-operate on the subject within relevant organizations, to
exchange information on the question of abolition of the death penalty, and to make
available to the public information regarding the use of the death penalty.
Furthermore, the Copenhagen Document refers to other international standards and
instruments restricting or completely abolishing the death penalty, namely Article 6
of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Second
Optional Protocol to the ICCPR, and Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention
on Human Rights (ECHR).
This report reviews the period from 1 January 1998 to 31 December 1999.
Notwithstanding the rather weak OSCE commitments on abolition of capital
punishment, the worldwide trend towards abolition has been reflected also within
the borders of the OSCE region. During the period under review alone, seven
participating States removed the death penalty completely from their legal codes,
thus bringing the total number of abolitionist countries within the OSCE to 39. As
of 31 December 1999, only 15 participating States (and five separatist,
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