European Committee for the Prevention of Torture
and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Strasbourg, 21 March 2017
Means of restraint
in psychiatric establishments for adults
(Revised CPT standards)
In the light of previous publications1 on this subject matter and its findings during many visits in
recent years to civil and forensic psychiatric establishments in various European countries, the
CPT has decided to review its standards regarding the use of means of restraint and to consolidate
them in the present document.
See paragraphs 47 to 50 of the 8th General Report on the CPT’s activities (CPT/Inf (98) 12) and
paragraphs 36 to 54 of the 16th General Report on the CPT’s activities (CPT/Inf (2006) 35), as well
as document CPT (2012) 28 on “the use of restraints in psychiatric institutions”.