CCPR/C/130/D/2818/2016 United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Distr.: General 19 March 2021 Original: English Human Rights Committee Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No. 2818/2016**, ***, **** Communication submitted by: X (not represented by counsel) Alleged victim: The author State party: Iceland Date of communication: 24 February 2016 (initial submission) Document reference: Decision taken pursuant to rule 92 of the Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to the State party on 6 October 2016 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of Views: 22 October 2020 Subject matter: Prosecution, conviction and imprisonment of the author for trafficking in persons Procedural issues: Admissibility – manifestly ill-founded; admissibility – exhaustion of domestic remedies; admissibility – ratione materiae; admissibility – same matter Substantive issues: Arbitrary arrest/detention; defence – adequate time and facilities; discrimination; discrimination on the ground of nationality; fair trial; human dignity; presumption of innocence; right to appeal Articles of the Covenant: 2, 7, 9, 10, 14 and 26 Articles of the Optional Protocol: 2, 3 and 5 (2) (a)–(b) 1. The author of the complaint is X, a national of Lithuania born in Lithuania in 1986. He claims that the State party has violated his rights under articles 2, 7, 9, 10, 14 and 26 of the Covenant when it detained, convicted and imprisoned him for human trafficking. The * Reissued for technical reasons on 6 August 2021. ** Adopted by the Committee at its 130th session (12 October–6 November 2020). *** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: Yadh Ben Achour, Arif Bulkan, Ahmed Amin Fathalla, Christof Heyns, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, David Moore, Photini Pazartzis, Hernán Quezada Cabrera, Vasilka Sancin, José Manuel Santos Pais, Yuval Shany, Hélène Tigroudja, Andreas Zimmermann and Gentian Zyberi. **** An individual opinion by Committee member José Manuel Santos Pais (partially dissenting) is annexed to the present Views. GE.21-03773(E) *

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