United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
11 May 2016
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the
Optional Protocol, concerning communication
No. 2231/2012*, **
Communication submitted by:

Azimjan Askarov (represented by counsel from
the Open Society Justice Initiative)

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:


Date of communication:

12 November 2012 (initial submission)

Document references:

Special Rapporteur’s rule 97 decision,
transmitted to the State party on 21 December
2012 (not issued in document form)

Date of adoption of decision:

31 March 2016

Subject matter:

The author was tortured and denied fair trial
procedural guarantees

Procedural issues:

Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies

Substantive issues:

Torture; fair trial; fair trial – legal assistance;
arbitrary arrest – detention; conditions of
detention; discrimination on the ground of ethnic

Articles of the Covenant:

Article 2; article 7, read separately and in
conjunction with article 2 (3); article 9 (1);
article 10 (1); article 14 (1), (2), (3) (b) and (e)
and (5); article 19; and article 26.

Articles of the Optional Protocol:

5 (2) (b)

* Adopted by the Committee at its 116th session (7-31 March 2016).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Yadh Ben Achour, Lazhari Bouzid, Sarah Cleveland, Olivier de Frouville, Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić,
Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Sir Nigel Rodley, Víctor Manuel Rodríguez-Rescia,
Fabián Omar Salvioli, Dheerujlall Seetulsingh, Anja Seibert-Fohr, Yuval Shany,
Konstantine Vardzelashvili and Margo Waterval.



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