CCPR/C/116/D/2231/2012 United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Distr.: General 11 May 2016 Original: English Human Rights Committee Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No. 2231/2012*, ** Communication submitted by: Azimjan Askarov (represented by counsel from the Open Society Justice Initiative) Alleged victim: The author State party: Kyrgyzstan Date of communication: 12 November 2012 (initial submission) Document references: Special Rapporteur’s rule 97 decision, transmitted to the State party on 21 December 2012 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of decision: 31 March 2016 Subject matter: The author was tortured and denied fair trial procedural guarantees Procedural issues: Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies Substantive issues: Torture; fair trial; fair trial – legal assistance; arbitrary arrest – detention; conditions of detention; discrimination on the ground of ethnic origin Articles of the Covenant: Article 2; article 7, read separately and in conjunction with article 2 (3); article 9 (1); article 10 (1); article 14 (1), (2), (3) (b) and (e) and (5); article 19; and article 26. Articles of the Optional Protocol: 5 (2) (b) * Adopted by the Committee at its 116th session (7-31 March 2016). ** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: Yadh Ben Achour, Lazhari Bouzid, Sarah Cleveland, Olivier de Frouville, Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Sir Nigel Rodley, Víctor Manuel Rodríguez-Rescia, Fabián Omar Salvioli, Dheerujlall Seetulsingh, Anja Seibert-Fohr, Yuval Shany, Konstantine Vardzelashvili and Margo Waterval. GE.16-07645(E) 

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