CAT/C/71/D/908/2019 United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment Distr.: General 15 September 2021 Original: English Committee against Torture Decision adopted by the Committee under article 22 of the Convention, concerning communication No. 908/2019*, ** Communication submitted by: A.B. (represented by counsel, N.R. and A.R.) Alleged victim: The complainant State party: Sweden Date of complaint: 4 January 2019 (initial submission) Document references: Decision taken pursuant to rule 115 of the Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to the State party on 18 February 2019 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of decision: 21 July 2021 Subject matter: Deportation to Afghanistan Procedural issue: Admissibility – manifestly ill-founded Substantive issues: Non-refoulement; torture Article of the Convention: 3 1.1 The complainant is A.B., a national of Afghanistan. His asylum application has been rejected by Sweden and he risks being deported to Afghanistan. He claims that his removal to Afghanistan would constitute a violation by the State party of his rights under article 3 of the Convention. The complainant is represented by counsel. 1.2 The communication was registered on 18 February 2020 and the Committee, acting through its Rapporteur on new complaints and interim measures, decided not to grant interim measures. Factual background 2.1 The complainant is of Hazara ethnicity. He was born a Shia Muslim in Ghazni Province, Afghanistan. When he was 13 years old, the Taliban came to his town and started asking the villagers for weapons and money. In order to escape the threat represented by the presence of the Taliban, the complainant fled with his family to Herat Province. There, many Hazara people, including his brother, were executed by a group that had come from the Islamic Republic of Iran and was persecuting Hazaras. The complainant indicated that, later, this group was joined by the Taliban, which continued to harass and torture Hazaras. While he was in Herat Province, the complainant worked as a carpenter. After troops of the United * Adopted by the Committee at its seventy-first session (12–30 July 2021). ** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: Essadia Belmir, Claude Heller, Erdoğan İşcan, Liu Huawen, Ilvija Pūce, Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón, Sébastien Touzé, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov and Peter Vedel Kessing. GE.21-12947(E)

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