CAT/C/71/D/904/2018 United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment Distr.: General 31 August 2021 Original: English Committee against Torture Decision adopted by the Committee under article 22 of the Convention, concerning communication No. 904/2018*, ** Communication submitted by: N.A.O. (represented by former counsel, Johanna Eriksson Ahlén, and by counsel, Cecilia von Koch) Alleged victim: The complainant State party: Sweden Date of complaint: 21 December 2018 (initial submission) Document references: Decision taken pursuant to rules 114 and 115 of the Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to the State party on 24 December 2018 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of decision: 19 July 2021 Subject matter: Deportation to Ethiopia Procedural issue: Admissibility – manifestly ill-founded Substantive issue: Risk of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, if deported to country of origin (non-refoulement) Article of the Convention: 3 1.1 The complainant is N.A.O., a national of Ethiopia born in 1979. Her request for asylum in the State party was rejected, and she risks forcible removal to Ethiopia. The complainant claims that the State party, if it were to proceed with her deportation, would violate her rights under article 3 of the Convention. The State party has made the declaration pursuant to article 22 (1) of the Convention, effective from 8 January 1986. The complainant is represented by counsel. 1.2 On 24 December 2018, pursuant to rule 114 (1) of its rules of procedure, the Committee, acting through its Rapporteur on new complaints and interim measures, requested the State party not to deport the complainant to Ethiopia while the communication was being considered by the Committee. Following the Committee’s request for interim measures, the State party decided to suspend the enforcement of the complainant’s expulsion order until further notice. * Adopted by the Committee at its seventy-first session (12–30 July 2021). ** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: Essadia Belmir, Claude Heller, Erdoğan İşcan, Liu Huawen, Ilvija Pūce, Ana Racu, Diego RodríguezPinzón, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov and Peter Vedel Kessing. GE.21-12062(E)

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