United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
2 December 2021
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Decision adopted by the Committee under the Optional
Protocol, concerning communication No. 2675/2015*, **
Communication submitted by:

D.V.K. (represented by counsel, Maxim

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:


Date of communication:

20 May 2015 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 92 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 12 November 2015 (not issued
in document form)

Date of adoption of decision:

23 July 2021

Subject matters:

Equality before the courts; torture and other
cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment; unfair
criminal trial

Procedural issues:

Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies;
insufficient substantiation of claims;

Substantive issues:

Effective remedy; torture and other cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment; right to a fair

Articles of the Covenant:

2, 7 and 14 (1)–(2) and (3) (b), (e) and (g)

Articles of the Optional Protocol:

2–3 and 5 (2) (b)

The author of the communication is D.V.K., a national of Kazakhstan born on 18
March 1991. He is currently serving a prison sentence in a State prison in Aktau, Kazakhstan.
He claims that the State party has violated his rights under articles 2, 7 and 14 (1)–(2) and (3)
(b), (e) and (g) of the Covenant. The Optional Protocol entered into force for the State party
on 30 September 2009. The author is represented by counsel.

* Adopted by the Committee at its 132nd session (28 June–23 July 2021).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Tania María Abdo Rocholl, Wafaa Ashraf Moharram Bassim, Yadh Ben Achour, Arif Bulkan,
Mahjoub El Haiba, Furuya Shuichi, Carlos Gómez Martinez, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini
Pazartzis, Hernán Quezada Cabrera, Vasilka Sancin, José Manuel Santos Pais, Soh Changrok,
Kobauyah Tchamdja Kpatcha, Hélène Tigroudja and Gentian Zyberi.


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