United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
16 December 2016
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the
Optional Protocol, concerning communication No.
2569/2015*, **
Communication submitted by:

B.M.I. and N.A.K. (represented by counsel,
Hannah Krog)

Alleged victims:

The authors and their two minor children

State party:


Date of communication:

6 February 2015 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rules 92 and rule 97
of the Committee’s rules of procedure,
transmitted to the State party on 13 February
2015 (not issued in a document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

28 October 2016

Subject matter:

Deportation from Denmark to Bulgaria

Procedural issue:

Level of substantiation of claims

Substantive issues:

Risk of torture and ill-treatment

Article of the Covenant:


Article of the Optional Protocol:


The authors of the communication are B.M.I., born on 1 January 1982, and N.A.K.,
born on 1 August 1988. They submit the communication on their behalf and on behalf of
their two minor daughters, P., born on 9 October 2012 in the Syrian Arab Republic, and B.,
born on 3 July 2014 in Denmark. The authors are ethnic Kurds from the Syrian Arab
Republic, of Muslim faith. They are subject to deportation to Bulgaria, following the

* Adopted by the Committee at its 118th session (17 October-4 November 2016).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the present
communication: Yadh Ben Achour, Sarah Cleveland, Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Duncan Laki
Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, Sir Nigel Rodley, Víctor Manuel Rodríguez Rescia,
Fabián Omar Salvioli, Anja Seibert-Fohr, Yuval Shany, Konstantine Vardzelashvili and Margo



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