This paper was prepared by the Human Rights Section of the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in co-operation with OSCE field offices. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this paper is accurate and impartial. This paper updates Background Paper 2004/1 of October 2004. It is intended to provide a comparative overview of the death penalty throughout the OSCE region and to promote constructive discussion. The content of this paper does not necessarily reflect the policy or position of the OSCE or the ODIHR. Any comments or suggestions should be addressed to the Human Rights Section of the ODIHR. Published by the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) Aleje Ujazdowskie 19 00-557 Warsaw Poland http://www.osce.org/odihr © OSCE/ODIHR 2005 All rights reserved. The contents of this publication may be freely used and copied for educational and other non-commercial purposes, provided that any such reproduction is accompanied by an acknowledgement of the OSCE/ODIHR as the source. This publication was funded by the European Commission in the framework of the EC-ODIHR Joint Programme for Advancing Human Rights and Democratization in Central Asia (and Developing Guidelines for Media Monitoring in Elections).