Inside Police Custody 2 Acknowledgements The success of this project was made possible as a result of work by a large number of people. The project was designed and implemented by the Irish Council for Civil Liberties (ICCL) in collaboration with the Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI). The project management team consisted of Liam Herrick and Stephen O’Hare (ICCL), Zaza Namoradze and Irmina Pacho (OSJI), and the research consultant to the project, Emeritus Professor Ed Cape (University of the West of England, Bristol). The research in the nine countries included in the study was carried out by staff of the partner organisations: the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Austria; the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee, Bulgaria; the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, Hungary; Associazione Antigone, Italy; the Human Rights Monitoring Institute, Lithuania; the Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights, Poland; the Association for the Defence of Human Rights in Romania – the Helsinki Committee, Romania; the Peace Institute, Slovenia; and Rights International, Spain We would like to thank Deidre Duffy who, during the initial stages of the project, worked for ICCL, and Marion Isobel who worked for OSJI. Both put in a tremendous amount of effort in drafting the funding submission to the European Commission, and during the early stages of the project itself. We would also like to thank the many people who made the empirical research possible including, in a number of countries, civil servants, officials, and senior police officers who demonstrated faith in the importance of empirical research in the criminal justice process by approving and facilitating access for the researchers. In addition, we thank the suspects and accused persons, lawyers, interpreters and translators, and police officers who permitted researchers to observe them, often at times which were stressful, and to interview them.