United Nations

Convention against Torture
and Other Cruel, Inhuman
or Degrading Treatment
or Punishment

Distr.: General
6 February 2019
Original: English

Committee against Torture

Decision adopted by the Committee under article 22 of the
Convention, concerning communication No. 691/2015*, **
Communication submitted by:

S. (represented by counsel, Viktoria Nystrom)

Alleged victim:

The complainant

State party:


Date of complaint:

1 June 2015 (initial submission)

Date of the present decision:

16 November 2018

Subject matters:

Risk of torture in the event of deportation to
country of origin (non-refoulement); prevention
of torture

Substantive issue:

Deportation of the complainant from Sweden to
the Islamic Republic of Iran

Procedural issue:

Admissibility – manifestly ill-founded

Articles of the Convention:

3 and 22

The complainant is S., a national of the Islamic Republic of Iran, born in March
1981. Her claim for asylum in Sweden was rejected by the Swedish Migration Board on 27
June 2014. The initial complaint was submitted on 1 June 2015 and further information was
provided on 21 July 2015. She claims that her deportation to the Islamic Republic of Iran
would constitute a violation by Sweden of her rights under article 3 of the Convention. The
complainant is represented by counsel.
On 28 July 2015, pursuant to rule 114, paragraph 1 of its rules of procedure, the
Committee, acting through its Special Rapporteur on new communications and interim
measures, requested the State party not to deport the complainant to the Islamic Republic of
Iran while the complaint was being considered by the Committee.
The facts as presented by the complainant
The complainant married her now ex-husband in the Islamic Republic of Iran on 7
October 2010. As the husband was already living in Sweden, he was not present during the
ceremony and the marriage was conducted with a power of attorney. She arrived in Sweden
on 30 October 2011 and obtained a temporary residence permit. After her arrival, her
husband showed a “controlling side”, and he and his sister subjected the complainant to
* Adopted by the Committee at its sixty-fifth session (12 November–7 December 2018).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the consideration of the communication:
Essadia Belmir, Felice Gaer, Abdelwahab Hani, Claude Heller Rouassant, Jens Modvig, Ana Racu,
Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón, Sébastien Touzé, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov and Honghong Zhang.



Select target paragraph3