CCPR/C/117/D/2225/2012 United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Distr.: General 19 September 2016 Original: English Human Rights Committee Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No. 2225/2012*,** Communication submitted by: Akmurad Nurjanov (represented by counsel, Shane H. Brady) Alleged victim: The author State party: Turkmenistan Date of communication: 3 September 2012 (initial submission) Document references: Decision taken pursuant to rule 97 of the Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to the State party on 7 December 2012 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of Views: 15 July 2016 Subject matter: Conscientious objection to compulsory military service Procedural issues: Exhaustion of domestic remedies; lack of substantiation Substantive issues: Freedom of conscience; ne bis in idem; inhuman or degrading treatment Articles of the Covenant: 7, 14 (7) and 18 (1) Articles of the Optional Protocol: 2 and 5 (2) (b) * Adopted by the Committee at its 117th session (20 June-15 July 2016). ** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: Yadh Ben Achour, Lazhari Bouzid, Sarah Cleveland, Ahmed Amin Fathalla, Olivier de Frouville, Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Photini Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, Sir Nigel Rodley, Víctor Manuel Rodríguez-Rescia, Fabián Omar Salvioli, Dheerujlall Seetulsingh, Yuval Shany and Margo Waterval. Two individual opinions by two Committee members are annexed to the present Views. GE.16-16129(E) 

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