European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - CPTActors & Projects map
- Council of Europe: European Committee for the Prevention of Torture
- The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment ("CPT"), was set up under the Council of Europe’s “European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment”, which entered into force in 1989. The CPT is not an investigative body, but provides a non-judicial preventive mechanism to protect persons deprived of their liberty against torture and other forms of ill-treatment. It thus complements the judicial work of the European Court of Human Rights. The CPT's members are independent and impartial experts from a variety of backgrounds, including lawyers, medical doctors and specialists in prison or police matters. One member is elected by the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers in respect of each State Party. The members serve in their individual capacity as independent and impartial experts. To further guarantee independence, members do not visit the State in respect of which they have been elected. The CPT's mandate focuses on the organisation of visits to places of detention, in order to assess how persons deprived of their liberty are treated (places visited include, among others: prisons, juvenile detention centres, police stations, holding centres for immigration detainees, psychiatric hospitals and social care homes). CPT delegations have unlimited access to places of detention, and the right to move inside such places without restriction. They interview persons deprived of their liberty in private, and communicate freely with anyone who can provide information. After each visit, the CPT sends a detailed report to the State concerned. This report includes the CPT’s findings, and its recommendations, comments and requests for information. The CPT also requests a detailed response to the issues raised in its report. These reports and responses form part of the ongoing dialogue with the States concerned.
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