CONTENTS

Contents
Introduction	2
Understanding dignity and security in prisons	

3

1.	 Dignity in detention: a fundamental right	

3

2.	 Security in detention: a legitimate concern	

4

3.	 The relationship between dignity and security in detention	

5

4.	 Legality, necessity and proportionality of security measures	

6

5.	 Public attitudes and societal context	

6

Risk factors deriving from an overemphasis on security	

8

1.	 Institution in charge of prisons	

8

2.	Over-classification	

9

3.	 Instruments of restraint	

10

4.	 Body searches	

11

5.	 Isolation and solitary confinement	

13

6.	 ‘Super-max’ prisons	

16

7.	 The overuse of technology and surveillance	

17

8.	 Staff-prisoner relations and inter-prisoner violence	

17

9.	 Prisoners’ clothes	

19

How can monitoring bodies address the balance between security and dignity?	

Penal Reform International | Balancing security and dignity in prisons: a framework for preventive monitoring	

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Select target paragraph3