CCPR/C/130/D/2451/2014 United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Distr.: General 11 March 2021 Original: English Human Rights Committee Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No. 2451/2014*, ** Communication submitted by: V.I. (represented by his mother) Alleged victim: The author State party: Kyrgyzstan Date of communication: 4 November 2009 (initial submission) Document references: Decision taken pursuant to rule 92 of the Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to the State party on 18 August 2014 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of Views: 6 November 2020 Subject matter: Torture; arbitrary detention; unfair trial Procedural issue: Exhaustion of domestic remedies Substantive issues: Torture; arbitrary detention; forced confession; presumption of innocence; lack of legal assistance Articles of the Covenant: 7, 9 (2) and 14 (1), (2) and (3) (b) and (g) Articles of the Optional Protocol: 2 and 5 (2) (b) * Adopted by the Committee at its 130th session (12 October–6 November 2020). ** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: Tania María Abdo Rocholl,Yadh Ben Achour, Arif Bulkan, Ahmed Amin Fathalla, Furuya Shuichi, Christof Heyns, Bamariam Koita, David H. Moore, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Hernán Quezada Cabrera, Vasilka Sancin, José Manuel Santos Pais, Yuval Shany, Hélène Tigroudja, Andreas Zimmermann and Gentian Zyberi. GE.21-03295(E)

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