United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
11 March 2021
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4)
of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication
No. 2451/2014*, **
Communication submitted by:

V.I. (represented by his mother)

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:


Date of communication:

4 November 2009 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 92 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 18 August 2014 (not issued in
document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

6 November 2020

Subject matter:

Torture; arbitrary detention; unfair trial

Procedural issue:

Exhaustion of domestic remedies

Substantive issues:

Torture; arbitrary detention; forced confession;
presumption of innocence; lack of legal

Articles of the Covenant:

7, 9 (2) and 14 (1), (2) and (3) (b) and (g)

Articles of the Optional Protocol:

2 and 5 (2) (b)

* Adopted by the Committee at its 130th session (12 October–6 November 2020).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Tania María Abdo Rocholl,Yadh Ben Achour, Arif Bulkan, Ahmed Amin Fathalla, Furuya Shuichi,
Christof Heyns, Bamariam Koita, David H. Moore, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis,
Hernán Quezada Cabrera, Vasilka Sancin, José Manuel Santos Pais, Yuval Shany, Hélène Tigroudja,
Andreas Zimmermann and Gentian Zyberi.


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