United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
18 December 2017
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the
Optional Protocol, concerning communication No.
2585/2015*, **, ***
Communication submitted by:

M.A.S. and L.B.H. (represented by the Danish
Refugee Council and, subsequently, Hannah

Alleged victims:

The authors and their three children

State party:


Date of communication:

9 March 2015 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 97 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure transmitted to
the State party on 10 March 2015 (not issued in
document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

8 November 2017

Subject matter:

Deportation to Bulgaria

Procedural issue:

Level of substantiation of claims

Substantive issues:

Risk of torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment; non-refoulement

Article of the Covenant:


Article of the Optional Protocol:


* Adopted by the Committee at its 121st session (16 October−10 November 2017).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Yadh Ben Achour, Ilze Brands Kehris, Sarah Cleveland, Olivier de Frouville, Christof Heyns, Yuji
Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Bamariam Koita, Marcia V.J. Kran, Photini Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, José
Manuel Santos Pais, Yuval Shany and Margo Waterval.
*** A joint opinion by Committee members Mauro Politi and José Manuel Santos Pais (dissenting) is
annexed to the present Views.



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