United Nations

Convention against Torture
and Other Cruel, Inhuman
or Degrading Treatment
or Punishment

Distr.: General
21 September 2021
Original: Spanish

Committee against Torture

Decision adopted by the Committee under article 22 of the
Convention, concerning communication No. 759/2016*, **
Communication submitted by:

Ronald James Wooden (represented by the
organization Idheas, Litigio Estratégico en
Derechos Humanos A.C.)

Alleged victim:

The complainant

State party:


Date of complaint:

7 July 2016 (initial submission)

Date of decision:

23 July 2021

Subject matter:

Arbitrary detention and torture

Procedural issue:

Non-exhaustion of domestic remedies

Substantive issues:

Torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading
treatment or punishment; State party’s obligation
to ensure that the competent authorities proceed to
a prompt and impartial investigation; right to fair
and adequate compensation.

Articles of the Convention:

1: 2 (1); 11: 12: 13: 14: and 16

The complainant is Mr. Ronald James Wooden, a national of the United States of
America, born in 1969. He claims that the State party has violated his rights under article 2
(1), read in conjunction with articles 1, 11 to 14 and 16 of the Convention. The complainant
is represented by the non-governmental organization Idheas, Litigio Estratégico en Derechos
The facts as submitted by the complainant
The complainant and his wife moved to Taxco de Alarcón (Mexico) in 2008 where
they intended to exercise their artistic skills and work with precious metals. In 2012, the
couple rented a property in the Arroyo neighbourhood, which they converted into a
handicrafts workshop. In the house next door lived M.P.H. and her son-in-law R.F.A.
On 28 April 2013, at 17.30 hours, the complainant and his wife parked their truck,
which was loaded with equipment for their workshop, next to M.P.H.’s house. Once they
* Adopted by the Committee at its seventy-first session (12 to 30 July 2021).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Essadia Belmir, Erdoğan İşcan, Liu Huawen, Peter Vedel Kessing, Ilvija Pūce, Sébastien Touzé and
Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov. Pursuant to rule 109, read in conjunction with rule 15, of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, and paragraph 10 of the guidelines on the independence and
impartiality of members of the human rights treaty bodies (the Addis Ababa guidelines), Claude
Heller and Diego Rodríguez did not participate in the examination of the communication.

GE.21-13347 (E)

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