Amnesty International is a global movement of more than 7 million people who campaign for a world where human rights are enjoyed by all. Our vision is for every person to enjoy all the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards. We are independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion and are funded mainly by our membership and public donations. The Omega Research Foundation (Omega) is an independent UK-based research organisation. First published in 2015 by amnesty international ltd peter Benenson house 1 easton street london WC1X 0DW United Kingdom © amnesty international 2015 index: EUR 01/1632/2015 Original language: english printed by amnesty international, international secretariat, United Kingdom all rights reserved. this publication is copyright, but may be reproduced by any method without fee for advocacy, campaigning and teaching purposes, but not for resale. the copyright holders request that all such use be registered with them for impact assessment purposes. For copying in any other circumstances, or for reuse in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, prior written permission must be obtained from the publishers, and a fee may be payable. to request permission, or for any other inquiries, please contact Cover Image: an electric shock stun baton and stun guns on display at the annual iWa 2015 trade event in nuremberg, Germany. Copyright robin Ballantyne, Omega research Foundation.

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