United Nations

Convention on the Rights
of Persons with Disabilities

Distr.: General
5 October 2017
Original: English

Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 of
the Optional Protocol, concerning communication
No. 22/2014*, **
Communication submitted by:

X (represented by counsel)

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:

United Republic of Tanzania

Date of communication:

23 June 2014 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 70 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 9 July 2014 (not issued in
document form)

Date of adoption of decision:

18 August 2017

Subject matter:

Torture, inhuman and degrading treatment;
discrimination against a person with albinism

Procedural issues:

Admissibility — exhaustion of domestic

Substantive issues:

Albinism; discrimination based on disability;
torture, inhuman and degrading treatment;
violation of the right to respect for intellectual
and mental integrity

Articles of the Convention:

1, 5, 15 and 17

Article of the Optional Protocol:


The author of the communication is X, a Tanzanian national with albinism, born on
12 January 1969. His left arm was cut off by two men when he was 41 years old, owing to
his condition of albinism. He is no longer self-sufficient. He claims to be a victim of
violations by the State party of articles 5, 15 and 17 of the Convention. The United
Republic of Tanzania signed and ratified the Optional Protocol on 29 September 2008 and
10 November 2009, respectively. The author is represented by counsel. 1

* Adopted by the Committee at its eighteenth session (14 -31 August 2017).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:


Ahmad Al-Saif, Danlami Umaru Basharu, Munthian Buntan, Imed Eddine Chaker, Theresia Degener,
Samuel Njuguna Kabue, Hyung Shik Kim, Stig Langvad, Lászlo Gábor Lovaszy, Robert George
Martin, Martin Babu Mwesigwa, Carlos Alberto Parra Dussan, Coomaravel Pyaneandee, Valery
Nikitich Rukhledev, Jonas Ruskus and Damjan Tatić.
The counsel has requested anonymity.



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