CCPR/C/122/D/2212/2012 United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Distr.: General 14 May 2018 Original: English Human Rights Committee Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the Optional Protocol, concerning communication No. 2212/2012*, ** Communication submitted by: Andrei Sannikov1 (not represented by counsel) Alleged victim: The author State party: Belarus Date of communication: 12 July 2012 (initial submission) Document references: Decision taken pursuant to rule 97 of the Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to the State party on 26 November 2012 (not issued in document form) Date of adoption of Views: 6 April 2018 Subject matters: Conviction of an opposition leader; unlawful detention; unfair trial; torture and forced confession; inhuman conditions of detention; unlawful interference with privacy; freedom of expression; freedom of peaceful assembly; discrimination on the ground of political opinion Procedural issues: Level of substantiation of a claim; State party’s failure to cooperate Substantive issues: Torture; cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; arbitrary detention; right to be brought promptly before a judge; right to a fair hearing by an impartial tribunal; right to be presumed innocent; right to adequate time and facilities for the preparation of defence; right to communicate with counsel of one’s own choosing; right to examine witnesses; right not to be compelled to testify against oneself or to confess guilt; right to privacy; freedom of expression; right of peaceful assembly; equality before the law and equal protection of the law; effective remedy * Adopted by the Committee at its 122nd session (12 March–6 April 2018). ** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication: 1 Yadh Ben Achour, Ilze Brands Kehris, Ahmed Amin Fathalla, Olivier de Frouville, Christof Heyns, Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Bamariam Koita, Marcia V.J. Kran, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, José Manuel Santos Pais, Yuval Shany and Margo Waterval. The author’s family name can also be spelled as Sannikau. GE.18-07729(E) 

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