United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
14 May 2018
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the
Optional Protocol, concerning communication
No. 2212/2012*, **
Communication submitted by:

Andrei Sannikov1 (not represented by counsel)

Alleged victim:

The author

State party:


Date of communication:

12 July 2012 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 97 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 26 November 2012 (not issued
in document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

6 April 2018

Subject matters:

Conviction of an opposition leader; unlawful
detention; unfair trial; torture and forced
confession; inhuman conditions of detention;
unlawful interference with privacy; freedom of
expression; freedom of peaceful assembly;
discrimination on the ground of political opinion

Procedural issues:

Level of substantiation of a claim; State party’s
failure to cooperate

Substantive issues:

Torture; cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
or punishment; arbitrary detention; right to be
brought promptly before a judge; right to a fair
hearing by an impartial tribunal; right to be
presumed innocent; right to adequate time and
facilities for the preparation of defence; right to
communicate with counsel of one’s own
choosing; right to examine witnesses; right not to
be compelled to testify against oneself or to
confess guilt; right to privacy; freedom of
expression; right of peaceful assembly; equality
before the law and equal protection of the law;
effective remedy

* Adopted by the Committee at its 122nd session (12 March–6 April 2018).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:


Yadh Ben Achour, Ilze Brands Kehris, Ahmed Amin Fathalla, Olivier de Frouville, Christof Heyns,
Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Bamariam Koita, Marcia V.J. Kran, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini
Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, José Manuel Santos Pais, Yuval Shany and Margo Waterval.
The author’s family name can also be spelled as Sannikau.



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