CEDAW/C/78/D/130/2018 1. The author of the communication is Magdulein Abaida, a national of Libya born in 1987. She claims to be the victim of a violation by Libya of her rights under articles 1, 2 (b), (d) and (e), 3, 5 (a) and 7 (c) of the Convention. The Convention and the Optional Protocol thereto entered into force for the State party on 15 June 1989 and 18 September 2004, respectively. The author is represented by counsel, Juergen Schurr of REDRESS. Facts as submitted by the author 2.1 The author has lived in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, where she has refugee status, since September 2012. Before her departure from Libya, she worked as a financial assistant and translator for journalists, companies and regional bodies in Tripoli. As a women’s human rights defender, she had registered her own women’s rights organization, Hakki (“My Right”), and collaborated with Creative Associates International, DanChurchAid and other organizations for women’s empowerment. 2.2 On 7 February 2012, she participated in a demonstration in Tripoli, “Libyan women’s day of anger”, about the lack of quotas for women in the national elections and comments by the Chair of the National Transitional Council on men having multiple wives. The organizers’ names, including the author’s, were subsequently published on Libyan Facebook pages. She and others received messages accusing them of trying to destroy the Islamic way of life. The commander o f a powerful militia, the Martyrs of 17 February Brigade, claimed that the organizers had repudiated their own culture, including by not covering their hair. As a consequence, the author and others were afraid to leave their homes. 2.3 Later that month, in an interview on Libyan television, the author explained the reasons for the demonstration and commented on women’s rights in Libya. The following month, filmmakers interviewed her about the situation of women in Tripoli. She helped them to conduct interviews with a number of women in Tripoli, Misratah and Zuwarah. On their way back to Tripoli, she and the filmmakers were stopped from filming by armed men, who prevented them from leaving. Eventually, an officer took their footage from them and released them. 2.4 In June 2012, while working as a translator for a European Union adviser, the author met a Libyan Jewish representative, R., for whom she began to work as a translator for three journalists making a documentary. She had understood the lead journalist to be French but was later informed that he was an Israeli citizen. 2.5 On 19 July 2012, in Benghazi, the author was interviewed about the human rights situation in Libya, as a contribution to the documentary. She believes that she was covertly filmed by an unknown man. At a makeshift checkpoint on the way to the airport, armed men stopped the car and told the occupants, including the author, that the vehicle had to be checked for explosives. They were taken to a compound, where guards told the author that her belongings made her suspicious. They asked about her relationship with R. and whether she preached Judaism. She was released, without her belongings, after four to five hours of interrogation. On 20 July 2012, she returned to Tripoli, where she filed a complaint about her arrest and detention with the National Council for Civil Liberties and Human Rights. The Council issued a memorandum about her case; however, she subsequently received no further information. She was later informed that R. had been detained for 10 days, that one of the journalists worked for an Israeli television channel and that pictures of her and others with R. had been published on social media, where they were depicted as traitors. She received threats, including comments that she and others in the pictures should be executed. 2/10 21-04766

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