United Nations CAT/OP/PRY/1 Distr.: General Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 7 June 2010 English Original: Spanish Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture Report on the visit of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment to the Republic of Paraguay * , ** Contents Paragraphs Page Preliminary remarks1–83 Introduction9–164 I.Facilitation of the visit and cooperation17–205 II.Safeguards against torture and ill-treatment21–556 A.Legal context22–296 B.Institutional context30–557 III.National Preventive Mechanism (Mecanismo nacional de prevención – MNP)56–5812 IV.Situation of persons deprived of their liberty59–23713 A.National Police stations59–14413 B.Prisons145–21828 C.Neuropsychiatric hospital219–22440 D.Repercussions of the visit225–22641 E.Additional information provided by the State party227–23741 V.Summary of recommendations and requests for information238–31343 A.Recommendations238–31143 B.Requests for information312–31352 Annexes I.List of senior officials and others with whom the delegation met54 II.Places of deprivation of liberty visited by the SPT56 Preliminary remarks 1.The Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (SPT) was established following the entry into force in June 2006 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT). The SPT began its work in February 2007. 2.The aim of the OPCAT is “to establish a system of regular visits undertaken by independent international and national bodies to places where people are deprived of their liberty”, in order to prevent torture and any form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.This report uses the generic term “ill-treatment” to refer to any form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The term should be understood in its widest sense, to include inter alia detention in inadequate physical conditions. The SPT’s work has two main aspects, namely visiting places of deprivation of liberty and advising States parties on the development and functioning of bodies designated to carry out regular visits – the national preventive mechanisms (NPMs). The SPT focus is empirical: its main task is to identify in situ the situations and factors that pose a risk of torture or ill-treatment and to determine the practical measures needed to prevent such violations.