United Nations

International Covenant on
Civil and Political Rights

Distr.: General
28 November 2016
Original: English

Human Rights Committee

Views adopted by the Committee under article 5 (4) of the
Optional Protocol, concerning communication No.
2106/2011*, **
Communication submitted by:

Valentina Kashtanova and Gulnara Slukina (not
represented by counsel)

Alleged victims:

The authors’ son and nephew, V.S. and V.L.

State party:


Date of communication:

12 September 2011 (initial submission)

Document references:

Decision taken pursuant to rule 97 of the
Committee’s rules of procedure, transmitted to
the State party on 30 September 2011 (not issued
in a document form)

Date of adoption of Views:

28 October 2016

Subject matter:

Ill-treatment of minors accused of murder;
criminal trial based on forced convictions

Procedural issue:

Admissibility — manifestly ill-founded

Substantive issues:

Torture; ill-treatment; fair trial; measures of
protection as minors

Articles of the Covenant:

7, 10, 14 and 24

Article of the Optional Protocol:


The authors of the communication are Valentina Kashtanova, a national of the
Russian Federation, and Gulnara Slukina, a national of Uzbekistan. The first author submits
the communication on behalf of her son, V.S., and the second author submits the

* Adopted by the Committee at its 118th session (17 October-4 November 2016).
** The following members of the Committee participated in the examination of the communication:
Yadh Ben Achour, Lazhari Bouzid, Sarah Cleveland, Ahmet Amin Fathalla, Olivier de Frouville,
Yuji Iwasawa, Ivana Jelić, Duncan Laki Muhumuza, Photini Pazartzis, Mauro Politi, Sir Nigel Rodley,
Víctor Manuel Rodríguez Rescia, Fabián Omar Salvioli, Anja Seibert-Fohr, Yuval Shany,
Konstantine Vardzelashvili and Margo Waterval.



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