1.2 In accordance with article 22, paragraph 3, of the Convention, the Committee transmitted the communication to the State party on 21 October 1999. At the same time, the State party was requested, pursuant to rule 108, paragraph 9, of the Committee's rules of procedure, not to expel the author to Turkey while his communication was under consideration by the Committee. In a submission dated 14 December 1999, the State party informed the Committee that steps had been taken to ensure that the author was not returned to Turkey while his case was pending before the Committee. The facts as submitted by the author 2.1 The author and Ms. S., Turkish nationals of Kurdish origin, married in 1977 and then lived in their home in Elazig, a town in south-eastern Turkey. At that time the author owned two shops selling electrical appliances, one in Elazig and the other in Pertek, a district of the city of Tunceli where he had grown up. In 1991, he closed the shop in Pertek, and at the end of 1994 closed the shop in Elazig because of constant harassment by the police. 2.2 Since the 1980s, the author had been an active supporter of the leftist Kurdish party known as PSK (Socialist Party of Kurdistan), which published a newspaper entitled Oezg.rl.k.Yolu. The author would read and sell this paper, the name of which was often changed because it was regularly banned. At the same time, he was an activist in the Turkish Human Rights Association (IHD). 2.3 On 21 March 1993, two IHD representatives in Elazig were murdered. Their bodies were found in the street bearing obvious signs of torture: their ears had been cut off and their eyes put out. The author attended their funerals. 2.4 Until 1994 the author was repeatedly harassed by the police because of his opinions and political activities. In 1994, the author's shop was raided by the police, who found a copy of the abovementioned newspaper and other PSK publications. The author was forced to board a minibus and taken blindfolded to an unknown place. For three days he was severely tortured in an attempt to make him give information to the police and to become an unofficial collaborator. Despite the torture methods used, he refused to give any information or to become an informal collaborator. After three days he was released. He continued to work in his shops despite constant police harassment. At the end of 1994, he decided to close the shop in Elazig.