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United Nations
Guidelines for
the Prevention of
Juvenile Delinquency
(Riyadh Guidelines)
Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 45/112
of 14 December 1990

T

he General Assembly,

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Bearing in mind the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political
Rights, as well as other international instruments pertaining to
the rights and well-being of young persons, including relevant
standards established by the International Labour Organization,
Bearing in mind also the Declaration of the Rights of the
Child*, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the
United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration
of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules),
Recalling General Assembly resolution 40/33 of 29 November
1983, in which the Assembly adopted the United Nations
Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile
Justice recommended by the Seventh United Nations Congress
on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders,
Recalling also that the General Assembly, in its resolution
40/35 of 29 November 1985, called for the development of
standards for the prevention of juvenile delinquency which
would assist Member States in formulating and implementing
specialized programmes and policies, emphasizing assistance,
care and community involvement, and called upon the Economic and Social Council to report to the Eighth United Nations
Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of
Offenders on the progress achieved with respect to the standards, for review and action,
Recalling further that the Economic and Social Council, in resolution 1986/10 of 21 May 1986, requested the Eighth Congress

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to consider the standards for the prevention of juvenile delinquency, with the view to adoption,
Recognizing the need to develop national, regional and international approaches and strategies for the prevention of juvenile delinquency,
Affirming that every child has basic human rights, including,
in particular, access to free education,
Mindful of the large number of young persons who may or may
not be in conflict with law but who are abandoned, neglected,
abused, exposed to drug abuse, in marginal circumstances, and
who are in general at social risk,
Taking into account the benefits of progressive policies for the
prevention of delinquency and the welfare of the community,
1. Notes with satisfaction the substantive work accomplished
by the Committee on Crime Prevention and Control and the
Secretary-General in the formulation of the guidelines for the
prevention of juvenile delinquency;
2. Expresses appreciation for the valuable collaboration of the
Security Studies and Training Centre at Riyadh, in hosting
International Meeting of Experts on Juvenile Delinquency, held
at Riyadh from 28 February to 1 March 1988, in cooperation
with the United Nations Office at Vienna;
3. Adopts the United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of
Juvenile Delinquency contained in the annex to the present
resolution, to be called the Riyadh Guidelines
4. Calls upon Member States, in their comprehensive crime prevention plans, to apply the Guidelines in national law, policy
and practice and bring the Guidelines to the attention of
the relevant authorities, including policy makers, juvenile

RIYADH GUIDELINES

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