A/HRC/6/19 page 2 Summary The mandate of the group of experts, comprising seven mandate holders, was established on 30 March 2007 by the Human Rights Council in its resolution 4/8 to ensure effective follow-up to and foster the implementation of resolutions and recommendations on Darfur, as adopted by the Council, the Commission on Human Rights and other United Nations human rights institutions, as well as to promote the implementation of relevant recommendations of other United Nations human rights mechanisms, taking into account the needs of the Sudan, ensuring the consistency of these recommendations and contributing to the monitoring of the human rights situation on the ground. The group of experts submitted its first report to the Council at its fifth session (A/HRC/5/6). The report, in which the group developed its methodology, contained a list of recommendations in its annex I. Presented in chart form, the recommendations indicate the steps required of the Government of the Sudan to implement each recommendation, over the short and medium term. In its resolution OM/1/3, adopted on 20 June 2007, the Council requested the group of experts to continue its work for six months and to submit an update to the session of the Council in September 2007 and a final report to the following session of the Council. After having presented its interim report in September 2007 (A/HRC/6/7), the group of experts now submits its final report pursuant to that resolution. In the present report, the group of experts reviews the efforts of the Government of the Sudan in implementing the recommendations of the group, using the indicators it put forward in its first report, on the basis of information that the group received from the Government in written and oral form, as well as from other sources, including United Nations and African Union agencies, bodies and programmes with operational competence in Darfur. The group of experts concludes that the process of cooperative engagement with the Government of the Sudan has worked well in procedural terms. However, in terms of substance, it observes that few recommendations have been fully implemented or reportedly had a tangible impact on the ground. Several recommendations that were prioritized as short-term and could have been implemented within three months, given that they did not require lengthy administrative processes or additional resources, have not yet been implemented. While initial steps have been made by the Government with regard to many of the recommendations, they have not yet yielded a sufficient impact on the ground according to reports received from organizations operational in Darfur. Finally, a significant number of recommendations have not been addressed by the Government at all. The group of experts, while acknowledging the activities undertaken by the Government of the Sudan to date, is concerned that reports received clearly indicate that, with very few exceptions, those efforts have not yet led to an improvement of the situation of human rights in Darfur. The group of experts recalls the Council’s consensus on the seriousness of the ongoing violations of human rights and international humanitarian law and the urgent need to focus on the implementation of existing recommendations to enhance the human rights situation in Darfur, and urges the Government to implement fully the prioritized recommendations without further delay.