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1.2 On 1 November 1999, the State party was requested, pursuant to rule 108,
paragraph 9, of the Committee’s rules of procedure, not to expel the
complainant, while his complaint is under consideration by the Committee.
On 20 January 2000, the State party confirmed that it would accede to this

Facts as presented by the complainant:

2.1 The complainant alleges that he is Ansari and a member of the Umma
Party, which is one of the two traditionalist parties of the North opposing the
current government. From 1990 to 1995, the complainant attended Cairo
University, Khartoum Branch, where he completed a law degree. The Umma
Party had about 100 members at Cairo University, and the complainant
became the leader of this group.

2.2 In April 1992, the complainant alleges to have organised rallies and
demonstrations against the government. Following one of these rallies, he was
detained by members of the security forces. He was threatened, forced to sign
an undertaking that he would not participate in political activities and then
released. Following this incident, the security forces kept him under

2.3 While he was attending university, the complainant alleges that students
were compelled to join the People's Defence Force (PDF), the army of the
ruling party, the National Islamic Front (NIF). To avoid conscription the
complainant became a police officer, and from 1993 to 1995, he worked at the
head office of the Khartoum prison administration and sometimes at Kober

2.4 In 1994, the government sent students who were seen as troublemakers
and opponents of the regime to fight in Southern Sudan. On 1 June 1996, the
complainant allegedly received a summons stating that he had to report to the
PDF within 72 hours as he had been chosen “to fulfill the duty of Jihad”. As
he did not want to fight against his own people or to clear mine fields, he

Select target paragraph3