List of Contents
Introduction...................................................................................................................................................... 3
The prevalence of police torture and ill-treatment in Europe ................................................. 3
Creating an environment for professional policing ..................................................................... 4
Safeguards against torture and ill-treatment ...................................................................................... 7
Length of police custody and the role of judges and prosecutors .......................................... 7
Dedicated custody officers as a safeguard against ill-treatment ............................................ 8
Information on rights ............................................................................................................................... 9
Right to notify a third person of arrest .......................................................................................... 10
Right to a lawyer ..................................................................................................................................... 11
Right to a doctor ...................................................................................................................................... 12
From interrogation to investigative interviewing - a change of mindset .............................. 14
Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 14
The underlying problem ...................................................................................................................... 14
Dismantling the myth ............................................................................................................................ 15
Testing of alternative hypotheses - the implementation of the presumption of
innocence ................................................................................................................................................... 16
From European to universal standard ........................................................................................... 17

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