Desiring to implement the principles embodied in the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of
Al l Forms of Racial Discrimination and to secure the earliest adoption of practical measures to that
Have agreed as follows:
Article 1
1. In this Convention, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction
or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or
effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human
rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public
2. This Convention shall not apply to distinctions, exclusions, restrictions or preferences made by a
State Party to this Convention between citizens and non-citizens.
3. Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as affecting in any way the legal provisions of States
Parties concerning nationality, citizenship or naturalization, provided that such provisions do not
discriminate against any particular nationality.
4. Special measures taken for the sole purpose of securing adequate advancement of certain racial or
ethnic groups or individuals requiring such protection as may be necessary in order to ensure such
groups or individuals equal enjoyment or exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms shall not
be deemed racial discrimination, provided, however, that such measures do not, as a consequence,
lead to the maintenance of separate rights for different racial groups and that they shall not be
continued after the objectives for which they were taken have been achieved.
Article 2
1. States Parties condemn racial discrimination and undertake to pursue by all appropriate means and
without delay a policy of eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms and promoting understanding
among all races, and, to this end: (a) Each State Party undertakes to engage in no act or practice of
racial discrimination against persons, groups of persons or institutions and to en sure that all public
authorities and public institutions, national and local, shall act in conformity with this obligation; (b)
Each State Party undertakes not to sponsor, defend or support racial discrimination by any persons or
(c) Each State Party shall take effective measures to review governmental, national and local policies,
and to amend, rescind or nullify any laws and regulations which have the effect of creating or
perpetuating racial discrimination wherever it exists;
(d) Each State Party shall prohibit and bring to an end, by all appropriate means, including legislation
as required by circumstances, racial discrimination by any persons, group or organization;
(e) Each State Party undertakes to encourage, where appropriate, integrationist multiracial
organizations and movements and other means of eliminating barriers between races, and to
discourage anything which tends to strengthen racial division.
2. States Parties shall, when the circumstances so warrant, take, in the social, economic, cultural and
other fields, special and concrete measures to ensure the adequate development and protection of
certain racial groups or individuals belonging to them, for the purpose of guaranteeing them the full
and equal enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms. These measures shall in no case en
tail as a con sequence the maintenance of unequal or separate rights for different racial groups after
the objectives for which they were taken have been achieved.

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